RÉSUMÉ / ABSTRACT : In this study, a newapproach to design an autonomous hybrid wind–photovoltaic (PV)-batteries system is presented in order to assist the designers to take into consideration both the economic and ecological aspects. Primary embodied energy (EE) has been introduced as a new criterion for hybrid systems, designing …

RÉSUMÉ / ABSTRACT : Renewable energy sources have a variable nature and are greatly dependingon weather conditions. The load is also uncertain. Hence, it is necessary to use power reserve equipment to compensate unforeseen imbalances between production and load. However, this power reserve must be ideally minimized in order to …