Development of a tool for urban microgrid optimal energy planning and management
Xingyu YAN, Dhaker ABBES, Bruno FRANCOIS
Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory
Volume 89, December 2018, Pages 64-81
• PV power and load uncertainties are analyzed.
• Artificial neural networks are applied for PV power and load day ahead forecasting.
• A probabilistic method is proposed to calculate OR with a desirable risk level.
• OR is dispatched in a microgrid powered by MGTs and PV AGs including storages.
• A freeware “Urban Microgrid Simulator” is developed.
Small-sized variable renewable energy sources (RES) live a large-scale development in urban electrical systems. They increase local high dynamic unbalancing and then can create instabilities on the inertia response. Thus, setting an adequate operating reserve (OR) power to compensate the unpredicted imbalance between RES generation and consumption is essential for power system security. Indeed, effective calculation and dispatching of OR considering inaccurate forecast of both RES and load demand can provide substantial cost reductions. Thus, to facilitate the energy management and system optimization in an urban microgrid (MG), a user-friendly tool for Energy Management System and Operational Planning has been developed. The tool provides a complete set of user-friendly graphical interfaces to study the details of photovoltaic (PV) and batteries, load demand, as well as micro gas turbines (MGTs). Furthermore, this energy management system allows system operators to properly model RES uncertainty. In addition, it could assist operators for the day-ahead energy management with an efficient information system and an intelligent management.